Economics In Canada
Manufacturing and Service Industries
-manufacturing employees 1.7 million of Canada's population
-leading industries are: food, motor, coal, petroleum, and chemical production
-aprox. 90,000 manufacturing facilities
Service industries are a large part of the Canadian economy. The economy is made up of the goods producing sector and service sector. As the population increases the number of individuals employed by the service industry increases. Organizations in the service industry are regulated by the government. "The fastest-growing occupations since the advent of computers have been the secretarial, clerical, sales and other service industry occupations." source: http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/service-industry/
This graph shows that the largest industry is healthcare and social. Females dominate this field as well as retail, food service, and education. Manufacturing and agriculture are male dominated fields but still play a major part in the economy. Management and enterprise are the smallest fields in the Canadian workforce. Agricultural jobs are performed mostly by rural males, whereas services jobs are performed by rural females. Urban females are slightly more likely to be educators that rural females.
In the first half of 2015, a collapse in oil prices was detrimental to the Canadian economy. Mexico is a cheaper place to produce and it has the same capital and engineering skills. This is causing nations to rely less on Canda which is slowing their economy.
"The Canadian dollar effective exchange rate index has declined 13 percent over the past year, punctuated by a 16 percent drop against the U.S. dollar."-http://business.financialpost.com/news/economy
This graph shows that Canadian exports have decreased within this year. This is due to the cheaper availability in Mexico leading nations to rely more on them than Canada. From 2000 till 2008 exportation was flourishing in the nation. Once the recession hit exports dropped dramatically. In 2015, exports drop to approximately 28 billion. This is below the current 30 billion in Mexico. The drop in exports that previously stimulated the economy is becoming detrimental to the production and profitability of the nation.
Canada is a parliamentary democracy, meaning that law is the supreme authority. Parties are held together by a common ideology, that seek political power to implement policies. Canada's system of government derives from the British. It is a representative form of government where citizens elect officials. The Senate is made up of members chosen by the Governor General to represent different territories. Members of parliament usually support a specific political party. Canda also has a constitutional monarchy, meaning that the Queen has executive authority through the constitution. The Prime minister is the head of the government and the Queen is the head of state. The current Prime Minister is Justin Trudeau appointed by David Johnston.
Currently, the political issues at hand involve health care, immigration, and domestic policy. In health care, the conflict of whether it should be a provincial or federal responsibility is dividing political forces. With a growing diverse population and an unequal divide of resources. Canada faces issues of whether or not to enact stricter foreign policies. In domestic policy, the decisions on gun control, whether or not to give Candian aboriginals more funding, and drug policies are creating political conflicts.
Toronto is the Canadian city along Lake Ontario's shore.
The number of reported HIV cases from 1996-2013 varied greatly.Their was a moderate increase between 2002-2008. Approximately 71,300 were living with HIV in 2011. The prevalence increased in the 1980s then decreased in the 1990s, but in the late 1990s increased slightly again. Ten people per 10,000 were newly infected with HIV in 2011. The infection rates vary from region to region. New HIV infections tend to occur with homosexual male couples in British Columbia. These men had either had sex with another man of were injected with an infected needle. In 2013 after an increase measures were taken to slow the progression of HIV. "One quarter of the people living with HIV in Canada are unaware that they have HIV." (Public Health Agency of Canada)
Canada has one of the highest rates of Multiple Sclerosis in the world. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease that attacks the central nervous system. It is the most common neurological disease affecting adults in Canada."The exact cause of MS is unknown." (Canadian Network of MS Clinics)
This map of Canda displays the population growth rate by percentage. The highest population growth occurred in Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan. These areas tended to have lower incomes which could correlate with rapid population growth or over population. Some of the areas that had higher incomes in Quebec had population growth. This could be related to the fact that it is a tourist area of Canada and borders with the US. The central areas of southern Saskatchewan and Manitoba have low population growth. These areas seem to have less activity in terms of population and economy.
This thematic map displays the median age within areas of Canada. Residents of Quebec, Ontario, and Nova Scotia have the average age of around forty-four. These areas also tend to have higher incomes correlating with the fact that older people tend to have a greater economic standing than younger people. The younger population in their early and mid-thirties are located generally in lower income areas with low population growth. A cluster of younger populations is located in northern Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Low median earnings and high population growth shows that these areas are in the process of economic development.